Which are the Best Rotary Tattoo Machines in 2021?
The rotary tattoo machine configuration is by far the most appealing for artists in the industry.
There are a number of factors that influence their position at the top, including but not limited to:
- They are lightweight
- Versatile power input
- More models are becoming affordable, which allow easier access to beginners
- Last but not least, they now have the possibility to operate wirelessly
How did we come to the decision of which rotary machine is the best?
Considering the number of rotary tattoo guns which are available in the market, it is almost impossible to review them all. Nevertheless, the best source of information is the public.
This list of three (3) best rotary tattoo machines is based on a wide range of tattoo artist users comments.
Bishop Rotary Tattoo Machine
Bishop is a well know machine brand. Their main stream is the rotary line with different alternatives such as the Magi and Microangelo models.
In general, their models are lightweight and versatile, which is great for shading and lining jobs.
The only downside is the cost. We are talking between $500 to $800 dollars. For a beginner looking to buy one of these babies, you will need to save some money beforehand.
Should you buy a Bishop rotary tattoo machine? If you have the budget, I would recommend including any of these three (3) in your kit.
Cheyenne Tattoo Machine – Hawk and Sol Series
This brand is another reliable and well know tattoo machine manufacturer in the industry.
What makes them great is that they focus on only the rotary configurations. Currently, they have two (2) distinctive lines: the Hawk and Sol.
In the main series, you will find the Spirit, Thunder and Cheyenne Hawk Pen tattoo machine models. From these three (3), artists tend to go for the Thunder model.
The reasoning is that the Cheyenne Hawk Thunder has a better stroke and is very lightweight.
On the other hand, the new Sol line includes the Nova, Terra and Luna models. Basically, these three (3) models are the improved version of the Hawk line.
Don’t get me wrong, the Cheyenne Hawk models are still a good option to go with, but as technology evolves so do the machines.
If I could choose from the three (3) versions, I would go for the Nova as it is the most versatile, despite its overall weight.
The last one making our list of 2021 best rotary tattoo machine is FK Irons.
This manufacturer not only offers rotary models but also coil configurations.
What is interesting about their rotary line is the accessibility to machines with different characteristics.
This gives the tattoo artist the possibility of acquiring the right tool based on what they need.
This, at the same time, may be an issue. For instance, the Xion, Flux (their new rotary wireless model – finally!!!) and FK Irons Spektra Edge X only accept cartridge needles.
Nevertheless, the Spektra Halo2 and Direkt2 are standard and cartridge compatible.
It is really hard to decide which machine is the best from these guys but I would be inclined to go for the FK Irons Xion model.
It’s our aim here to provide you with useful tattoo machine reviews.
But, what is the point of that if perhaps you don’t understand what is mentioned in the reviews?
To answer this question, we have also included a helpful guide and answers to most common questions within this industry.
This guide will be updated as we find more interesting details to share with the community.
What is a Rotary Tattoo Machine?
This tattoo machine stands out mainly because it uses an electric motor mechanism to move the needles in and out of the skin. The electric motor allows the machine to work with precision to make fine lines and shading during the tattoo process.
Artists can use the machine for both drawing outlines and shading, which speaks of the great versatility of the machine. The artist can use the tattoo machine throughout the entire tattooing process.
A significant advantage of this machine is that it is lightweight, allowing the tattoo artist to work fast and for longer. Besides, it allows the artist to work with greater precision because their hands won’t cramp as much, especially for complex tattoo designs which require a lot of time.
The electric motor makes this particular tattoo gun significantly quiet. Thus, the tattooing experience becomes more laid back and relaxed as opposed to being intimidating when you have a buzzing machine working on your skin.
How does a Rotary Tattoo Machine Work?
Basically, a rotary machine is powered by an encased motor. Before answering this question, you have to learn what parts make up a rotary machine.
Rotary tattoo machine parts
Let’s look at the diagram above. Here you will see what are the main parts of the machine, including a DC or RCA connection point, a motor, a cam wheel, a needle bar, the tube (to guide the needle), the grip (to wrap and hold the machine), the tip and last but not least, the needle.
Once you have connected the machine to the DC or RCA power supply, the motor will rotate, moving the cam wheel. This cam wheel will be connected with the needle by the “eye”, which is secured with a grommet.
The grommet must be placed first into the eye of the needle bar, then you can connect it with the cam wheel end.
After setting up all the other elements, you can power up the machine; this will move the motor (moving in clockwise motion) and the bar will come up and down. The up and down movement of the needle bar releases the needles in and out, piercing the skin.
Understanding your Rotary Tattoo Gun Voltage
Rotary tattoo guns can be regulated or unregulated. Regulated machines have a pre-set voltage while the unregulated machines, the artist has to choose which voltage they prefer to use.
There is no recipe to adjust the voltage of your machine. Various machine brands come with different voltage ranges. As you gain experience as an artist, you will learn how to adjust the voltage in the best way that works for you.
The voltage will also depend on the speed of your hand.
The general rule for unregulated rotary tattoo machines is to turn the voltage up during outlining to get the faster speed necessary. But, you will need to bring the voltage down during shading because it is a more meticulous process.
Rotary Tattoo Machine Types
Choosing one of these machines comes down to characteristics including weight, the machine gun and availability of the tattooing accessories including ink.
Essentially, these machines differ by brand and the way in which various models have refined machine characteristics to give artists and clients a better experience.
Tattoo artists who intend to acquire one should look out for reviews and ultimately, make the choice based on personal preferences.
The most popular machine brands include Bishop, Dragonhawk (good for beginners and low budgets), Neotat Vivace, FK Irons and Ink machines-Dragonfly. If you prefer handmade tattoo machines, I recommend checking our Tattoo Machine Builder section.
The setup of a rotary machine is one of the fundamental steps to get your machine working properly.
It can be a bit challenging to set up, tune and troubleshoot your rotary tattoo machine carefully and with time you learn how to do it easily.
Rotary Tattoo Machine Setup (needles, tubes, rubber bands, operating voltages)
As per usual, before setting up your tattoo gun, you will need to thoroughly wash your hands. Once you have ensured that your hands and working station are properly disinfected, follow these steps:
Step 1. Get a rubber nipple and attach it to the needle bar pin.
Step 2. Adjust the tattoo gun retainer screw to open it. This will create room for the needle bar and tube.
Step 3. Carefully insert the needles into the tube and input the tube tightly into its clamp.
Step 4. Fit the needle-bar loop to the nipple and ensure they come together tightly.
Step 5. Hold the needle-bar pin and press it downwards with the attached needle-bar.
Step 6. Tune the retainer screw to adjust the needle-bar retainer in order to bring the needle-bar into contact with the needle-bar retainer rings.
Step 7. Tighten it enough to hold the needles in place and avoid wobbling.
Once your tattoo gun is setup, connect it to a power source and operate it at your desired voltage. Outlining requires a higher voltage because you work faster while shading requires a lower voltage.
Tuning your Rotary Tattoo Gun
Tuning your rotary machine is part of the gun set up. It is the process of ensuring that the needles are of the right depth for tattooing and the voltage is adjusted accordingly.
Tuning will thus, involve adjusting the needle grip and tube to move the needle up or down to the required depth. Once satisfied with the depth, you need to tighten the tube to hold the needle firmly in place.
Keep in mind that you will need to reduce or increase the voltage of your tattoo gun based on the work you are doing (outlining or shading). Lower voltage works great for lining and higher to shading.
The final aspect to consider is checking the stroke of the machine. Short stroke (3.0 to 3.5 mm) is used for outlining, while shading uses longer strokes.
As you tattoo, you will see whether you have it adjusted to the right depth. Thicker skin might require more depth but excessive bleeding is an indication that the needle is going too deep into the skin. Check this article to learn more about Tattoo Needles.
Rotary Tattoo Gun Troubleshooting & Faultfinding
In the course of tattooing, you may run into some problems with the rotary tattoo machine setup. Your rotary tattoo machine may fail to start after connecting it to the power source. In this case, you should consider several issues which may have occurred:
Low voltage (or lack of voltage altogether), poor power supply or a defective tattoo gun motor.
Another major issue you may encounter is when the machine starts out just fine but appears to lose power or reduces in speed. The main possible fault to check in this case may be that the needle-bar pin has come into contact with the housing. The needle-bar retainer may be too tight against the needle-bar or even worn out. You should also make sure that the motor is not faulty.
A struggling motor could mean, among other things, a clogged piston or a loose connection pin. The motor problem could also be as a result of the adjustment screw being too close to the cap, which means you need to adjust it downwards.
The needle suspension of your tattoo gun may get jammed, which could be a result of a loose needle-bar pin or a clogged inner piston. Also, when the pistons are new they tend to get jammed due to a lack of lubrication.
As any rotary part, it is important to ensure they are lubricated properly.
If the needle-bar pin of your tattoo gun gets wobbly, it is an indication that it might be loose or that the inner pistol spring is defective.
At the same time, the movement of the needle bar pin and piston may be out of sync, this indicates that your tattoo gun needs lubrication.
The best way to troubleshoot and fault-find your rotary tattoo gun is by using the manual that comes with it. The majority of the time, you will find the causes of issues you’re facing and how to deal with them.
Rotary Tattoo Machine Guide Wrap Up
Rest assured that the first time setting up your machine could be a little bit challenging. However, if you use your manual, you will be able to get through the initial stages of confusion.
Whatever level of experience that you may have with tattoo machines, it is important you understand and study the functionality of the gun so that you will be able to find out potential problems in no time.
It would also important to seek the assistance of experienced tattoo artists if you run into trouble with your rotary tattoo machine setup.
Top 5 Best Rotary Tattoo Machine Summary Table
Cheyenne Hawk Thunder
FK Irons Spektra Xion
Dragonhawk Airfoil V4
|Shading/Lining||Liner / Shader.||Liner / Shader.|
Great for shading.
|2 oz (57 g)||2.39 oz (68 g)||5.4 oz (152 g).||4.3 oz (121 g)|
|Voltage: 6v–8.5v||5-12V. 2.5W||Min: 4v, Max: 9.5. |
Do not exceed from 10.5v.
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